The following verses constitute selected Bible passages with special reference to Christian and state relationship questions:
1 Samuel 8:1-22
Matthew 20:20-28; Luke 22:24-30
Matthew 22:15-22; Luke 20:20-26 Render unto Caesar the things that are Caesar’s.
Luke 10:25-37 The Good Samaritan
1 Peter 2:9-17
Revelation 17, 18 All states fornicate with Babylon. Her destruction and theirs.
Other Passages of interest:
( Please note that the list is still being developed…)
Genesis 1:26 Man given dominion (LXX archetosan).
Daniel 2:20, 21 God controls providence, removes kings and sets them up.
Daniel 2:37 God gave Nebuchadnezzar a kingdom.
Daniel 4:17, 25, 31, 32 God has ultimate control over human kingdoms.
Daniel 5:20, 21, 25-28, 31 God sets up and takes down kingdoms.
Matthew 2 The state kills the children of Bethlehem to eliminate potential rival.
Matthew 4:8-10; Luke 4:5-8 Temptation of political power without the cross.
Matthew 6:9-13 God’s kingdom is in heaven and on earth.
Matthew 6:24; Luke 16:13, 14 The impossibility of serving two masters.
Matthew 7:12; Luke 6:31 Do unto others as you would have them do unto you.
Matthew 7:15-20; 12:33; Luke 6:43 Bad trees cannot produce good fruit; cut them down.
Matthew 10:16-39 Church and state shall unite to murder the followers of God.
Matthew 11:7-15 The violent take the kingdom [of God] by force.
Matthew 12:22-30; Mark 3:22-27; Luke 11:14-23 Jesus’ kingdom is separate from Satan’s kingdom.
Matthew 13:41-43; 15:13 God will remove from His kingdom all things that offend.
Matthew 14:3-12 The state arbitrarily kills a subject.
Matthew 17:24-27 Tribute money.
Matthew 27; Mark 15; Luke 23; John 18, 19 Crucifixion of Jesus, King of the Jews at the hands of the state.
Mark 6:17-29 The state murders John the Baptist.
Mark 10:35-46 Not as the gentiles.
Mark 12:13-17 Render unto Caesar.
Luke 3:12, 13 Tax-collectors instructed to only collect the required tax.
Luke 3:14 Soldiers told to do no violence.
Luke 11:45-54 Woe to the lawyers creating burdens and taking away the key of knowledge.
Luke 12:11, 12, 58, 59 The Christian before magistrates.
Luke 14:33 Forsaking all to be part of Jesus’ kingdom.
Luke 16:1-12 Corruption of the steward.
Luke 18:1-8 The unjust judge.
Luke 21:12-19 Followers of Christ to be killed by the state.
Luke 23:35 People and rulers mocking Jesus at His death.
Luke 24:20 Rulers condemned Jesus to death
John 5:1-9 Don’t wait for the state to come and lift you into the water.
John 6:5-15 Crowd tries to make Jesus king by force, He refuses.
John 11:47-54 Jewish leaders fear destruction from Roman overlords because of Jesus’ rising popularity.
John 12:31 The prince of this world to be cast out by Christ.
John 14:30 The prince of this world comes for Jesus but has no foothold.
John 17:14-16 Jesus’ followers not of this world.
John 19:11 Pilate’s power to crucify Jesus was from above.
John 19:12-15 Jesus or Caeser–a choice for Pilate and chief priests.
Acts 1:6, 7 Is this the time to restore the kingdom of Israel?
Acts 3:12-15, 17 Who crucified Jesus–rulers or people?
Acts 4:1-30 Kings of the earth gathered together against Christ.
Acts 5:12-42 God jailbreaks the apostles; we ought to obey God rather than men.
Acts 7:7 God will judge the nation that puts His people in bondage.
Acts 7:25 Groups action and rejection of an unjust order does not come easy.
Acts 9:20-25; 2 Corinthians 11:32, 33 Paul hunted by the secular authorities of Damascus, escapes.
Acts 12:1-23 James slain, Peter incarcerated by the state; angelic jailbreak for Peter.
Acts 13:13, 50 Paul and Barnabas persecuted by city of Antioch authorities, expelled.
Acts 14:1, 5, 6 Paul and Barnabas persecuted by city of Iconium authorities.
Acts 16:12, 16-40 Paul and Silas persecuted by city of Philippi, idol sales plummet, they are arrested by the state, beaten, imprisoned, Roman rights violated. Midnight earthquake jailbreak. Paul asserts his rights as a Roman.
Acts 17:1-15 Paul wins many in Thessalonika, Judaism turns to the state, charges Christians with serving another king, extorts money, drives them out.
Acts 19:23-41 Mob ready to attack Paul, city of Ephesus authorities, dismiss crowd.
Acts 21:26-36 Paul attacked by crowd, saved by Roman soldiers, incarcerated.
Acts 22:22-29 Paul bound and beaten, rights as a Roman citizen violated.
Acts 24:26, 27 Felix incarcerates Paul while waiting for a bribe but he refuses.
Acts 25:1-11; 26:31, 32 Festus’ play for power creates situation causing Paul to appeal to Caesar.
Romans 8:38, 39 Powers cannot separate us from God’s love.
Romans 12:1, 2 Do not be conformed by the world but be transformed by God.
1 Corinthians 6:1-8 Pursuing legal matters by the arm of the state condemned.
Ephesians 2:19 Now we are fellowcitizens with the saints.
Ephesians 6:12 We wrestle against the rulers of the darkness of this world.
1 Timothy 2:1-4 Prayer made for all men–including kings and those in authority.
1 Timothy 6:15 Jesus is King of kings, Lord of lords.
Titus 3:1-1, 2 Be subject to powers, obey magistrates.
Hebrews 2:6-11 Man and Jesus put over all things.
Hebrews 11:13-16 We are pilgrims seeking a better country.
Hebrews 12:29 We are receiving a kingdom that cannot be moved.
Revelation 1:5, 6 We are made kings and priests.
Revelation 5:9, 10 We are made kings and priests and shall reign.
Revelation 6:14-17 The kings of the earth hide from Jesus.
Revelation 7:9-17 Worship around Jesus’ throne.
Revelation 9:11 (Apollyon) as king over the locustlike first woe forces.
Revelation 11:8 The great city: Sodom and Egypt.
Revelation 11:15-19 Kingdoms of this world ended as Christ takes His power and reigns.
Revelation 12:5 Jesus to rule all nations.
Revelation 12:10 Now is come the kingdom.
Revelation 13:1-10 First beast.
Revelation 13:11-18 Second beast.
Revelation 14:8 All nations drink the wine of the wrath of Babylon’s fornication.
Revelation 15:4 All nations shall worship before Him.
Revelation 16:12-14 Gathering the kings of the earth to armageddon.
Revelation 17, 18 The kings of the earth fornicate with Babylon. Her destruction.
Revelation 19:11-21 Kings of the earth make war against Jesus and are overcome.
Revelation 21:24 Kings of the earth walk in the New Jerusalem.
Revelation 22:1-5 Reigning with Christ forever.