Revisiting the Christian and State Relationship.

Archive for the ‘liberty’ Category

Leapfrog the West

by Michael S. Rozeff

Tunisians, Egyptians, Bahrainians, Omanians, Libyans, Saudi Arabians, Yemenis, Jordanians, Palestinians, and all the other many peoples of the world who are striving for better forms of government that will lead to real improvements in your lives, I wish you well. You are engaged in a difficult enterprise. Many of you are risking much to achieve it. May God be with you.

If I were to sit down with one of you in your country as your guest, after the exchanges and pleasantries of friendship, the conversation might turn to the ways of life that you wish to bring into being. That is my subject.

Your desire to imagine and create new ways of life, to cause to be where nothing was before, is the central human capacity, one that is given by God and one that is shared by all human beings. This creative power is freedom.

To love God I take to be man’s mission and God’s desire. We are in this together. To love God is to love his creation, which includes other people. To love one’s neighbor implies, at a minimum, tolerance of his freedom and the ways of life that he creates. Be slow in judging him. Be slower still in using force to hinder and dominate him. If, in your eyes, his ways are strange or evil, tolerate them. I am not speaking of the crimes such as murder, theft, arson, and rape of which we all know, but of the myriad of other behaviors on which human beings are prone to disagree.

If you desire a good society, you should not pursue it as an abstract goal, nor should you pursue it as a general goal obtained by the State’s uniform laws or by customs dictated to all or enforced on all by social means as supposed ways to make people good. Focus instead on the person, on each and every person. Each person has the highest value, over society and over state. These are not persons. They are merely organizations and tools to achieve other purposes and they are always seriously flawed. The good society is good when its people are able to be persons, which means they are in possession of the unhampered freedom to create.

My advice to you who are now involved in various revolutions and protests is something like the following, in very brief outline.

Leapfrog the West. Learn from the mistakes of the West. Don’t imitate the West blindly in the heat of the moment of attaining new governments. Opportunities like this do not arise often. Make the most of them.

Do not immediately or quickly fasten upon some more or less standard political agenda. They are all deeply flawed. They reflect the sins and mistakes of the West, which the West has not overcome. Seek instead to understand the fundamentals of human life and the human being as a basic guide to social, ethical, and political life.

If your educated class is promoting grandiose social schemes and promising grand results, don’t believe them and don’t approve their agenda. Such promises have been made in the West for several generations. These social engineering and wealth redistribution schemes all are coming to a bad end here. Don’t be enticed into repeating the Western follies.

My view is that the essence of the human being while on this earth is the free human personality. Our being is tied up with freedom at its very root. Every sacrifice of freedom that arises from the pressures, domination, and coercions of family, friends, business, church, society, and state, or from our own personal sacrifice and enslavement by ourselves, destroys a portion of that being or suppresses it, thereby causing a degree of non-being. As I understand the human condition, God created us as free persons. We are free to choose good or evil. Non-being is evil. Being, which presumes freedom and actualizes freedom, is good. The free human personality, as God’s creation, is good. It is a value that is above family, friends, society, organizations, and states. Its worth is above any of these.

Therefore, nurture freedom of the person. Nurture freedom of conscience. Nurture freedom of creativity. Nurture freedom of thought, expression, speech, and action. Nurture all of these at the level of each single person. Do not nurture domination by society, religion, state, family, business, or any other institutions. That which is good is the free spirit in each person.

Make no attempt whatsoever to create the “good life” or happiness or welfare of citizens (or subjects or individuals or voters) by means of the state or any institution or association that dominates and suppresses the person. That approach is godless and wrong. It invariably leads to a confusion of means and ends. The state uses violence as a means. If you allow the state to use violent means in the hope of achieving the ends of happiness or general welfare, you will destroy the freedom of the person. But freedom of the person is the good. It is what God brought into being.

Do away with notions of sovereignty by any person or group or institution. The U.S. Constitution is deeply flawed from the outset in its assumption that We the People are sovereign. Sovereignty is a godless concept. It is entirely at odds with the idea of a free person. God is not sovereign over human beings either. He does not determine what we do with our freedom. Even being sovereign over oneself distorts the idea of a free and creative spirit. In the same vein, the libertarian notion of “owning oneself,” although consistent with and correctly emphasizing the idea of freedom, is essentially a cold and bloodless view of a human being. The human being has a more fiery, passionate, hotter, and loving core in its free and creative spirit. The attempt to justify freedom by beginning with a natural right or self-ownership derives from an agnostic or atheistic view of human life. It doesn’t ground freedom in God and his creation. It treats the human being as matter or as a socially-derived institution of property. It doesn’t make us all brothers and children of God. It isolates the personality and thrusts the human being toward egoistic individualism. This is not an entirely false depiction of fallen human nature, of course. And yet the human spirit naturally reaches out to other similar spirits and to God. It reaches backward to creation and forward to the last days and the Kingdom of God. Purely rationalistic concepts of the human being that were born in the Enlightenment and have carried through in different forms to modern day democratic, social-democratic, socialist, and communist governments are insufficient to understand human nature and insufficient to move firmly away from the many varieties of slavery, overt and covert, and toward freedom. These old Western ideas have resulted in Western governments that suffocate and suppress persons. They culminate in efforts to spread the same kind of governments worldwide and to have one worldwide government.

The U.S. Constitution gets off on the wrong foot by making the general welfare an end. This leads only to the sacrifice of the person. Utilitarianism, which is the philosophy that sets happiness as the ultimate human value, is deeply flawed. It is basically another godless concept and one that leads to the adoption of violent means to create the end of happiness, thereby sacrificing the free person, which is the actual value.

Do not attempt to eliminate the everyday human failings and limitations by using force or the powers of society and state. Human beings must be free to choose between good and evil things. They must be free to make mistakes. Human beings cannot be moral beings without making choices for and by themselves. They cannot share in God’s grace without such freedom. Do not be legislating personal morals. Do not be imposing societal sanctions on beliefs, speech, clothing, art, sexual behavior, and discovery. Do not be attempting with such broad powers to create earthly utopias. This is not only impossible, but attempts to accomplish this go directly against the free and creative human personality, which is God’s creation.

Don’t bother catching up to the flawed Western ideas of politics. Surpass these ideas. They are not rooted in God, despite the rhetoric to that effect that attempts to fuse God, country, nation, and State. As such, the Western ideas lead to godless behavior. This was evident early on in America and is becoming increasingly marked over time.

Do not create theocratic states, however. They too are inimical to human freedom of thought, conscience and action. Power over the human person cannot be turned over to priests, clerics, and ayatollahs any more than to secular politicians. The combination of a powerful church and a powerful state is a recipe for suppression of the person.

Separation of church and state is a good idea. In practice, however, the State makes itself the new God. It tries to surround its immoral activities with an aura of high morality. In the U.S., there are many religious denominations. Somehow, though, the churches either make very little noise about the welfare-warfare State or else support it outright. The State has managed to get organized religion on its side, by and large.

Revolutions usually go about constructing a new State that is in no essential way much different from the old one. Avoid this at all costs. Otherwise, the people are doomed to another 50 or 60 years until the next revolution breaks out.

You simply must understand the nature of the State if you are to leapfrog the Western political structures. If you understand it thoroughly, then you will wish to minimize the State.

The State is the sword, that is, power. Its essence is power: holding power, increasing power, and administering power. This has been evident for several thousand years if one examines the rise and fall of empires throughout the entire world as well as their conquests, wars, and legalities. The state has no central interest in justice, righteousness, rights, or the freedom of people, its own or others. It would just as soon enslave everyone if people did not resist. It would make war continually against others or against its own citizens if it could. It makes war to prevent peaceful secessions. It claims territory through war and dictate, through ruse and stratagem, through conquest, blood and violence. It claims all within its boundaries.

The totalitarian states of the twentieth century provide clear examples of the demonic nature of the State. The worst of them under Hitler, Stalin, Mao, and Pol Pot butchered untold millions of persons. They sought meticulous control over economy, press, thought, money, and travel. The Western social democracies are not far behind in these respects, and they are already past masters at making war. Reject them as a model of government. Jesus rejected “all the kingdoms of the world, and the glory of them.” Follow his example.

If it were not for man’s craving for a universal kingdom, his craving for power, his fears and desire for security, and his susceptibility to the hypnotic temptations that the State generates, this evil institution would not exist. It exists now only to be overcome and bypassed by humanity. Do your part in this endeavor.

The State promises order. Its order is a superficial pastiche of arbitrary laws and measures that typically discriminate unjustly while also imposing uniformity on those affected. The State promises to remedy chaos, but it creates chaos and non-being by suppressing the creative spirit of persons.

The idea of the State as a thing to win is an incentive to warfare and chaos. When a state loses control over the people, warfare often erupts among groups that cannot tolerate one another as all strive to gain control over a new state and impose their agenda on everyone.

One of the worst features of the State is that whatever is immoral for a person is made out to be moral for the State. The State uses its people to kill and maim, to torture and spy, to inform and rat on others, and to assault and destroy, and all of this is approved of and applauded as if nothing were wrong. Brutality becomes something that wins medals and is glorified in motion pictures. The most corrupt and lying politicians gain the most respect.

Putting in place a Western-style democracy is not going to create prosperity. It only introduces a source of friction at the heart of a society. It will be an institution that endangers property rights, seeks greater power, won’t allow secession, won’t tolerate any serious challenge, manipulates the public, caters to special interests, wastes resources, taxes onerously, corrupts the money, and takes every opportunity to control the people.

Taking foreign aid from the West is one of the worst things you can possibly do. You will simply doom yourself to being a satellite of the West and part of its machinations. You may well end up at the mercy of its bankers.

Rather than thinking about a new government, think instead about how to build a vibrant society in which persons can exercise their creative spirits freely, for that is the basis of a good society. Think about generating tolerance. Think about generating trust. Think about well-defined property rights. Think about free markets. Think about incorruptible money. Think about a variety of institutions of justice and defense. Think about justice itself.

The West is strangling in its own debt, its own corruption, its web of lies and deceits, its fearful peoples, and its overly large governments. Why look to the West? Why go backwards when you have a chance to go forwards? In short, leapfrog the West.

March 11, 2011

Michael S. Rozeff [send him mail] is a retired Professor of Finance living in East Amherst, New York. He is the author of the free e-book Essays on American Empire: Liberty vs. Domination and the free e-book The U.S. Constitution and Money: Corruption and Decline.

Copyright © 2011 by LewRockwell.com. Permission to reprint in whole or in part is gladly granted, provided full credit is given.

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Why this is the end of America

Why do these days mark the end of America? Not because terrorists destroyed the World trade Center, or because a president signed a liberty-destroying bill. The America we grew up loving and believing in, that we were taught about in school and whose flag we dutifully and without reservation saluted, that America has not existed in our lifetimes. That America was a slanted and barely half-truth myth, just one part of the story, leaving aside or gently explaining away the more unseemly parts of American history. No. That is not why it is the end of America.

It is the end of America because the red, white and blue colored glasses are coming off. People are seeing through the fabrications and lies. The results are in now from the lab. Minarchy is like a relentless weed; its only end is imperialism, empire, and then demise. It is like a mushroom surging up into being and then rapidly wilting away in its own death.

When the bipolar cold war era ended with the collapse of the Soviet state, the only appropriate course for the American state was also to shrink. The cold war masked, at least to many of us, the imperial ambitions of the American state. Now that the Soviet “threat” was ended, America could stand down. It did not. Far from it. Rather, its shallow, supposedly do-gooding, entwining hubris expressed itself in the now very open and brazen drive to become the world’s policeman and the ruling power of this age. The state stood out of the shadows, naked in its new boldness. Its sheen of goodness no longer covering its swollen girth.

It is the end of America not because of any great changes that have only just now occurred, but because we now see through. The shades have fallen from our eyes. The dream was only a dream. We must prepare to do something very new but very old. The state has shown its true nature. Let us try a different order—something that for lack of a better name has been called anarcho-capitalism. That is, an ordered world but one not molded in the coercive shape of the state. A world where each man reaps what he sows (Galatians 6:5, 7), and where our moralities are not shaped by those who impose right and wrong as they see it upon us. We have not come to the beginning of utopia, but have come to the end of something else. And this is a good thing.

2010 Census: Will your answers stay private?

The 2010 Census: Will your answers stay private?, by James Bovard, in March 24, 2010 Christian Science Monitor (via slashdot.org.)

Federal Health Care Nullification Act

From Tenth Amendment Center:

“While lawsuits by State AGs have been getting considerable attention in the media, we at TAC feel that it would be a poor strategy to rely heavily on such efforts to stop the newly-signed health care law. As Thomas Jefferson told us—whenever the federal government assumes powers not delegated to it, those acts are ‘unauthoritative, void, and of no force’ and that a ‘nullification of the act is the rightful remedy.’

“Nullification is not an act of going to federal politicians or federal judges to repeal an unconstitutional law. It’s not about getting ‘permission’ to exercise our rights…it’s about exercising them whether the federal government wants us to or not. It’s taking action to make an unconstitutional act null and void right within your own state boundaries. In this spirit of American resistance, the Tenth Amendment Center is pleased to announce the release of our ‘Federal Health Care Nullification Act’—which you can learn more about below. Please call on your states to introduce and act on this legislation. Such resistance will not be easy, it will not be short, but it must be won.

“The Federal Health Care Nullification Act

“A. The Legislature of the State of _______________ declares that the federal law known as the “Patient Protection and Affordable Care Act,” signed by President Barack Obama on March 23, 2010, is not authorized by the Constitution of the United States and violates its true meaning and intent as given by the Founders and Ratifiers, and is hereby declared to be invalid in this state, shall not be recognized by this state, is specifically rejected by this state, and shall be considered null and void and of no effect in this state.

“B. It shall be the duty of the legislature of this State to adopt and enact any and all measures as may be necessary to prevent the enforcement of the “Patient Protection and Affordable Care Act” within the limits of this State.

“C. Any official, agent, or employee of the United States government or any employee of a corporation providing services to the United States government that enforces or attempts to enforce an act, order, law, statute, rule or regulation of the government of the United States in violation of this act shall be guilty of a felony and upon conviction must be punished by a fine not exceeding five thousand dollars ($5000.00), or a term of imprisonment not exceeding five (5) years, or both.”

Of course, this still promotes a minarchism—a small state government, and so is not wholly consistent with the principles of Christian anarchism. Nevertheless, it is a start in the right direction.

Young people figuring it out…

(via lewrockwell.com).

Are we living in USA 5.0?

Whatever one may think of Hauerwas, he has a point:

Who has the infinite duty to honor the infinite claim of every person to the pursuit of happiness? The answer of the eighteenth century, and of those who have followed, is familiar: it is the nation-state. The nation-state replaces the holy church and the holy-empire as the centerpiece in the post-enlightenement ordering of society . . . the nation-state has taken the place of God as the source to which we look for happiness, health, and welfare (Stanley Hauerwas, After Christendom, p. 66).

For long years the situation has developed. The powers that be would prefer that we go blandly onward believing a cardboard cut-out picture. The United States is the land of the free and the home of the brave. “We” are always the good guys. No need to be concerned. Those who run the country are ever engaged in “the art of cutting into this chaos [the messy way things actually are] and imposing a simplified definition on the situation, that is, making people act as if the simplified picture were the reality” (F. G. Bailey, Humbuggery and Manipulation, p. 2).

Still, the networked-world renders this a difficult prospect. The state has failed. Today, even those of us who grew up attending state schools, indoctrinated into all the fine tales about the goodness of this fine nation, sense that the United States of America isn’t quite what it once was. In fact, the history of this nation is divided rather easily into periods, each dominated by a distinct ethos. One way to outline these is as follows.

United States of America 1.0
1775 – 1782 War of Secession from England (Revolutionary War / War of Independence)
1776 Declaration of Independence
1777 – 1789 Articles of Confederation
United States of America 2.0
1789 – 1791 Constitution
1791 Bill of Rights (first ten amendments to the Constitution added)
1819 US Supreme Court rules congress’ powers not limited to those expressly delegated
United States of America 3.0
1846 – 1848 Mexican-American War (US acquires Alta-Mexico, i.e. The southwestern states)
1861 – 1865 War of Northern Aggression (Southern War for Secession, Civil War)
1862 Creation of US agency that became the IRS (Internal Revenue Service)
1869 US Supreme Court in Texas vs. White rules US Constitution does not permit states to secede
1886 Creation of US agency that became the BATF (Bureau of Alcohol, Tobacco, and Firearms)
1898 Spanish-American War (US gains control of Cuba, the Philippines, Puerto Rico, Guam)
1898 US steals Hawaii
1908 Creation of US agency that became FBI (Federal Bureau of Investigation)
United States of America 4.0
1913 16th Amendment to Constitution legalizes Federal income taxes
1913 17th Amendment to Constitution changes to direct election of senators
1913 Federal Reserve Act establishes Central Bank
1917 Woodrow Wilson and US entry into World War I
1919 18th amendment to the US constitution prohibits manufacture, sale, and transportation of alcohol
1929 – 1940 Great Depression I
1941 Franklin D. Roosevelt and US entry into World War II
1942 – 1945 110,000 Japanese descended imprisoned in US concentration camps by executive order 9066
1945 135,000 German civilians killed in Dresden bombing by Britain and US
1945 100,000 Japanese civilians killed in fire-bombing of Tokyo by US
1945 220,000 Japanese civilians killed by US nuclear weapons attacks on Hiroshima and Nagasaki
1945 – 1963 US the primary polluter in above-ground nuclear testing
1947 Creation of US agency CIA (Central Intelligence Agency)
1950 – 1953 US-Korean War
1952 Creation of US agency NSA/CSS (National Security Agency / Central Security Service)
1965 – 1973 US-Vietnam War
1971 US abolishes gold standard, moves to only fiat currency
1979 Creation of US agency FEMA (Federal Emergency Management Agency)
1983 US invasion of Grenada
United States of America 5.0
1990 – 1991 US-Iraq War I (Persian Gulf War)
2001 USA Patriot Act
2001 – Present US-Afghanistan War
2002 Creation of US agency DHS (Department of Homeland Security)
2003 – Present US-Iraq War II
2007 Directive 51 gives president authority to declare suspension of regular operation of government
2007 US spy satellites in use against US citizens
2007 – Present Great Depression II
2008 US soldiers stationed and operating on US mainland

USA 1.0 covers the period of the United States’ war to secede from Britain. Many of the 13 former colonies specified that they were confederating in union as sovereign states.

Under USA 2.0, a major shift occurred from the Articles of Confederation to the Constitution. The result was centralization of power and a substantial weakening of the powers of the individual states. In the space of less than 30 years, the working of the Federal government moved from the tenth amendment’s language of powers “expressly delegated” by the Constitution, to the US Supreme Court ruling in 1819 that Congress’ powers were not limited to those expressly delegated. The hand-writing was on the wall, but who wanted to see it? Murray N. Rothbard states what had become obvious: “the Constitution has proved to be an instrument for ratifying the expansion of State power rather than the opposite” (For a New Liberty, p. 67).

In USA 3.0, we see naked thirst for empire slipping into the open. The idea of Manifest Destiny justified the expansion of the state. The lands of Native Americans were seized, treaties they signed disregarded by the USA. Overseas, numerous lands were taken by force. Finally, war between North and South was loosed after the imposition by the North of the Morrill Tariff Act of 1861, which imposed a 47 percent tax on the value of all imported goods coming through Southern ports. At this point, the Southern states sought to secede from the Union. The North aggressed. Where slavery had been ended peacefully almost everywhere else, in America it was ended via cataclysmic bloodbath in a northern victory.

In USA 4.0, the deterioration continues. Power is further centralized at the Federal level. A central bank is restored and the devaluation of the dollar proceeds. US presidents manage to manipulate facts and circumstances such that public opinion which had firmly opposed entry into world wars was turned. During WWII the US is directly responsible for the killing of half a million civilians, beside foreign military. American citizens of Japanese descent on the West Coast are rounded up and imprisoned in dozens of concentration camps. The cold war began and the wealth of US citizenry was spent on stockpiles of genocidal weapons. The nation renounced the gold standard and moved to a purely fiat currency. (Several cases of foreign “regime change” under 4.0 and 5.0 are not here noted.)

In USA 5.0, we have empire fully on display. With the 1991 collapse of the Soviet Union, the US stood at a crossroads. No longer “necessary,” it was time to shrink the military-industrial complex. Fat chance. Instead, the US embarks on a further round of foreign military adventures, buying-off other nations and forming coalitions providing a cover of legitimacy. The terrorist attack that destroyed the World Trade Center on September 11, 2001 offered convenient justification for government surveillance of its own citizens. Unrestricted spending by the US triggers worldwide economic collapse. US debt during this period assumes catastrophic proportions. In repudiation of Posse Comitatus, US soldiers are stationed in the United States mainland to be available for use against US citizens in case of “civil unrest.”

We summarize, noting that there have been at least five iterations of the United States of America. From the initial concept of a very limited government and soveriegnty of the states in union, the state has travelled to its present situation as an autonomous behemoth operating independent of its founding values. The idea of a state whose power is limited by a piece of paper has run its course. We live in the result. In human terms, only time will tell whether the whole thing comes tumbling down of its own weight, or solidifies into a perpetual totalitarian regime as bad as the worst science fiction nightmare.

Welcome to America 5.0!

Toward a healthier humanity, pt. 2: Faith in God

Doubtless some will choose not to read this post because of its boring subject: faith in God. Actually, this topic is perhaps the most thrilling of those we shall address.

In whom or what do you trust? Your choices are to operate on the basis of faith in humankind, or faith in God. God tells us through the revelation of His Scriptures that He gave the race free will and that that freedom was used by man such that a vast distortion encompassed humanity. Nevertheless, He has initiated a plan for the recovery and the realization of humanity’s potential. This plan is designed to bring about the cooperation of God and man in man’s deliverance. The realization of this plan is presently in process.

If we limit our horizon to just what has been observed throughout history, or even limit the basis of our views to conclusions drawn from our own life experience, we observe the same awful behavior of our race as outlined in the Bible, but that is all. The observation comes with no overarching explanation for that behavior. If we desire to change a behavior, a correct explanation of its origination is crucial.

The Christian understands that the real question is whether we place our faith in man or in God. If we are not trusting in God, if we reject the possibility of the existence of a being who we cannot put into a bottle, that we cannot isolate and account for by pure empirical data, then we are left only with man alone. There is no other entity to act. All we have then is humankind dangling from top a lonely and heartless evolutionary ladder. From this much follows.

People are then shaped entirely by genetics and environment. What is to be expected from a race whose earliest beginning is in the violence of the hunter-gatherer, and whose ascent to primacy over planet earth is by survival of the fittest, or conversely, if not politically-correctly, by his deprivation of even murder of his least fit associates? This then is the shape of man. A self-centered being who rises to the peak by violence. This is the measure.

What surprise then if his civilization is built on the foundation of his own works, his accommodation of himself at the expense of others, his erection of agencies of raw power over others such as the state? All of this includes as implicit the principle of coercion. Man coerces because this is his essence.

The Christian perspective is quite otherwise. Man is not the center, God is. Earth was intelligently designed for his healthy habitation. Sentient beings, men, angels, perhaps others, are to live together in a society based on anti-coercive principles. Unselfishness, non-violence, respect for true freedom of the individual, and the existence of a positive collective spread across the starry sky. Violence is a temporary situation in the creation, sin a temporary aberration.

God not only created man and gave him free will, but He initiated a plan for his restoration when he abused the free will given. God is a personal being, not an impersonal force. He stands beside us, even suffers with us. He loves. He gives us the beauties of life, parenthood, friendship, intimacy. He feeds us, shelters us, He patiently labors with us. He does not obliterate us when we behave adversarially to Him. he grants us time and space to become truly human, to find our way, to learn to exercise faith in His goodness.

He reveals and preserves insight that would otherwise be inaccessible to us. In His Word He tells the future, but much more than this, He illuminates the human situation and the divine response to it. He is all about healing and restoring. His plan gives us hope for the future. It outlines what must be a star-spangled sky filled with free, non-violent, non-coercive beings of soaring intellect and emotional maturity.

The Christian and not the secular ideologue may have a hope for the future, a world in which righteousness dwells. That is a peak at the plan for a healthier humanity. We come to know Him and learn more and more fully to embrace the radical freedom He offers us. After all, what kind of anarchy would it be if a race of psychopaths simply honed their psychopathology before destroying themselves?

God’s anarchy is a life with nothing between my soul and my Savior, and a Christianity which ever nudges man to take responsibility for His actions and to embrace the grace that empowers changed life. It is a return to Eden, where no coercion existed, no artificial government interposed between God and man, where no voting booths offered legitimacy to coercion. Man is thus fully man, ready to receive from God that which guides him to true humanity. He will change our characters here and now. He will aid us, so that we may strip ourselves of artificial dodges of responsibility, and not be trapped in subjection to a self we have created who is but a study in bondage. Jesus came that we might have life and have it more abundantly.

Trusting in the state is trusting in man, is looking for more abundant life from whence it can never be derived. Trusting in God is developing one’s faith and knowing God as direct Healer and Restorer. Trusting Him actually includes the necessity of responsible living. These are the kind of neighbors I want. This is a peek at the hope I have for a humanity that is not too full of itself to consider that God knows what He is doing and is actively working for our recovery even now.

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